The United Nations deputy secretary-general has informed CNBC there might be “lessons learned” from the conflict in Ukraine.
Talking Wednesday after the discharge of the U.N’s “2022 Financing for Sustainable Development Report,” Amina Mohammed mentioned the Russia-Ukraine disaster had been “a big shock to the system.”
Requested if the world may have achieved extra to cease the conflict earlier than it started, Mohammed mentioned “hindsight is 20-20 vision.”
“Of course, there are things that we could have done to stop the war, but perhaps those are going to be lessons learned again, when the Security Council, the General Assembly leaders will look back and say, ‘what could we have done, and make sure that we prevent the next war, the next pandemic’. These are all things that we are learning. I think history tells us that we’re not very good learners when it comes to that,” she mentioned.
“I think that this was so unimaginable, unexpected, that we’d have this kind of a war in Europe, you know, 75 years later, I think has been a big shock to the system. So, I hope that the learnings will find ways to make us more accountable to put in the checks and balances that this doesn’t ever happen again, and that we are working towards peace.”
Mohammed, who beforehand served as Nigeria’s minister of setting, additionally chairs the World Disaster Response Group on Meals, Power and Finance, arrange by U.N. Secretary-Common António Guterres to have a look at the broader influence of the Ukraine conflict on the “world’s most vulnerable.”
Journey to Moscow
Guterres traveled to Moscow this week to meet with President Vladimir Putin for the primary time since Russia invaded Ukraine. He additionally met with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Thursday in Kyiv. Russian is one in every of 5 nations that maintain a veto energy on the U.N’s Safety Council.
Guterres agreed with Putin on an evacuation route from the besieged metropolis of Mariupol, however his journey got here amid criticism that the U.N. Safety Council has solely managed to play a restricted position through the Russia-Ukraine disaster.
Certainly, Zelenskyy called for reform in an impassioned speech to the Council in April. Mohammed mentioned it was a problem that Safety Council member states had been “grappling with for a very long time”.
“And I think they will continue to address that, and there are conversations and resolutions that will be put forward to see how one can do better than we have been able to do and to put in the checks and balances to protect the [U.N.] Charter. That’s the most important thing. The Charter that promises the people that we would not see a war again, as we did in World War II,” she mentioned.
Mohammed grew to become U.N. deputy secretary-Common in 2017 and was reappointed in January 2022.
Requested how related she thinks a corporation just like the United Nations is to the world at present, she mentioned she understood exterior frustration towards it.
“If we didn’t have the U.N. today, we’d have to recreate it tomorrow. It is the global townhall for our global village. We are so interconnected today that that’s not going to change,” she mentioned.
“And we need a space where we can come and we can speak to the issues, human rights, our development, our conflicts, and you know, some days we’ll have a voice that’s loud and some days, it’s not very loud. Some days we will make movement, some days we will not, but the most vulnerable of countries needs this space.”
Mohammed, who can be chair of the United Nations Sustainable Improvement Group, lately introduced the “2022 Financing for Sustainable Development Report” — a joint effort from the Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Improvement, which incorporates greater than sixty United Nations Companies and worldwide organizations.
The report highlights a post-pandemic “great finance divide,” with poorer international locations unable to increase sufficient funds or borrow affordably for funding, making them unable to put money into sustainable improvement or reply to crises.
“We’re facing sort of a multitude of crises, the climate, the pandemic, and now the war in Ukraine, and the financing piece of this really just comes to demonstrate how the recommendations over the years are even more needed today. And you’ll see that some of those recommendations speak to the framing around the financial divide that we see in the world today,” Mohammed mentioned.
“So many of the recommendations are about access to finance, they’re about better tax systems, they’re about addressing illicit financial flows, but they’re also about taking cognizance of the debt that is mounting, and the crises that is exacerbating it.”
Mohammed initially joined the U.N. in 2012 as particular advisor to former Secretary-Common Ban Ki-moon and led the method to set up the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Improvement and the creation of the Sustainable Improvement Targets.
She mentioned she was “extremely worried” concerning the present world monetary scenario and that “there’s not enough recognition that the urgency and scale of the investments that need to happen right now, should happen.”